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Annals of Physics 400, 9-20 (2019)

ISSN: 0003-4916, SCI

Selective Kondo strong coupling in magnetic impurity flat-band lattices

Duong-Bo Nguyen, Thanh-Mai Thi Tran, Thuy Thi Nguyen, Minh-Tien Tran

The periodic Anderson impurity model on the Lieb lattice is studied by the slave-boson mean-field approximation in the strong interaction limit. The electron structure of conduction electrons on the Lieb lattice features both the band flatness and soft gap at low energy. With these features conduction electrons can form both the soft-gap and the molecular Kondo singlets with the magnetic impurities, and this leads to a competition between the soft-gap and the molecular Kondo effects in the lattice. We find a selective Kondo strong coupling, where at selected sites the magnetic impurities are strongly coupled to conduction electrons, and at the remaining sites they are decoupled from the lattice. The selective Kondo strong coupling occurs between the full local moment and the full strong coupling regimes, and it yields an effective lattice depletion. At low temperature the selection of the Kondo strong coupling is dominant at those lattice sites, where the local density of states of conduction electrons exhibits the flat-band feature, independently of the impurity parameters. Rich phase diagrams for different model parameters are obtained.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aop.2018.11.012

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